Coinbase made a rousing debut on Wall Street Wednesday, with the digital currency exchange’s rising as high as $429, briefly giving it a market value over $100 billion. Coinbase Global Inc.‘s initial public offering comes with cryptocurrency chatter seemingly everywhere, even at the U.S. Federal Reserve. Digital currencies are incorporated into business plans and accepted by major corporations like Tesla, PayPal, and Visa.
Shares of Coinbase are listed on the Nasdaq under the ticker “COIN” and were trading around $376 after about 40 minutes of trading, putting its market value around $98.2 billion.
That market value makes Coinbase one of the biggest publicly traded U.S. companies — just 83 companies in the S&P 500 index have market values above $100 billion. Coinbase’s value is greater than the combined market value of Nasdaq Inc., which runs the Nasdaq Stock Market, and Intercontinental Exchange, which owns the New York Stock Exchange.
Founded in 2012, Coinbase became popular among cryptocurrency fans by providing them with an easier way to exchange shares of Bitcoin and other digital currencies.
Coinbase said it had 56 million verified users as of March 31, with 6.1 million making transactions monthly. Trading volume in the first quarter was $335 million.
Coinbase earns 0.5% of the value of every transaction that goes through its system. So if someone buys $100 in Bitcoin, Coinbase makes 50 cents. If Bitcoin or Etherium prices drop, the commissions Coinbase makes the drop, giving it some exposure to the digital currencies rise and fall.
Instead of using a traditional IPO, Coinbase went public through a public listing. That means it avoided the typical agreements with big banks to buy thousands of shares and promote them. A direct listing allows insiders and early investors to convert their stakes in the company into publicly-traded stock.
Other recent direct listings include the music streaming service Spotify in 2018, the messaging service Slack in 2019, and the data-mining company Palantir Technologies in 2020.
Shares of Coinbase should attract investors who want to get into the cryptocurrency space in addition to, or without buying any coins at all, said Lule Demmissie, president of Ally Invest.